Prostate is an exocrine gland in the reproductive system of males, and it is formed directly under the bladder, and in front of the rectum. Prostate cancer is most common cancer among men (older than 65 years) after skin cancer. But it can be treated successfully. Some are slow growing and some are relatively fast growing. They can travel through blood vessels to reach other parts of the body and attach to the tissues of that part to grow and form new tumors and damage that tissue. Growths in prostate can be benign (don’t invade the tissues around them and don’t spread to other parts of the body) or malignant (can invade nearby organs and tissues such as bladder or rectum and can spread to other parts of the body).
While coming to symptoms no evidence of symptoms at early stages. Enlarge of prostate, patient urinates more often, painful and trouble in ejaculation of urine, blood in urine. If prostate cancer is advanced symptoms like bone pain, proximal part of femur can be painful, leg weakness (if cancer has extend to the spine and compressed the spinal cord). Till now there is no specific causes of prostate cancer, there are so many factors like:
Age – Older a man is, the risk is higher.
Genetics – Family history of prostate cancer also face higher risk.
Diet – The risk may higher for those who eat more calories, fat, and refined sugars.
Smoking – Cancer risk may double for heavy smokers.
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination (DRE) helps to screen prostate cancer. But the only way to find out for sure you have prostate cancer is biopsy, it was done with ultrasound and a probe.
There is no known way to prevent the prostate cancer, but eating right, exercising not smoking can avoid prostate cancer. Some drugs like finasteride and dutasteride can also prevent prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Disease Treatments