The cancer that is originating from the urethra (The urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body) is termend as urethral cancer. And was affecting both male or female urethra but most frequently affects women rather than men. Primary urethral cancer is an extremely rare lesion for this reason, it is often hard to treat primary urethral cancer. There are different kinds of urethral cancer that begins in cells and that line the urethra. These cancers are named for the kinds of cells that become malignant (cancerous). Urethral cancer may spread fastly to tissues surrounding the urethra and is mostly found in near the lymph nodes by the time it was diagnosed.
In the early stages, there are generally few symptoms related with urethral cancer. As the cancer cells are growing, some patients will notice a growth or a lump on the urethra. Some more patients may experience pain or bleeding that with urination. By the growth of the tumor, it narrows the diameter of the urethra, frequent urination or a weak ,while passing the urine patients may experience pain, passes blood from urethra, discharge from the urethra, interrupted urine flow, enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS:
People above the age of 60 have the highest risks, causes that produce chronic inflammation in the urethra, involves often urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases like human papillomavirus (HPV), are also linked with a higher risk.
Many tests are used to diagnose the tumor but finally a biopsy is required to make a cancer diagnosis. If cancer was confirmed, imaging tests is used to know how extent the cancer cells have been spread but initially urine cytology, physical examination are performed to diagnose the uretheral cancer.
Surgery is generally the primary treatment, along with chemotherapy and radiation also used, either alone or in conjunction with the surgery.