The prostate is an important organ in the male reproductive system located between the bladder and penis. Urethra passes through the middle of the prostate carries urine out of the body. Prostate secretes a fluid that nourishes sperm. While ejaculating prostate releases a fluid into the urethra and it is secreted with sperm as semen.
Major diseases affecting prostate gland are:
Prostatitis : It is an inflammation of the prostate caused due to infection. It does not raise the risk of prostate cancer. It is estimated that men over the age of fifty suffer from this condition. The major causes of prostatitis are having an abnormal urinary tract, rectal bladder infection, and presence of an enlarged prostate. Its major symptoms include
Strong urge to urinate frequently
Having difficulty in urinating
Pain or burning sensation while urinating
Chills accompanied by fever
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: BPH or prostate enlargement is a medical condition in which a person’s prostate gets enlarged abnormally. This is a common occurrence in men over the age of 50 . It is caused due to hormonal imbalance, changes in cell growth and hereditary factors. Its major symptoms are as follows.
Severe pain while urinating
Urge to urinate frequently
Pain in the abdomen
Inability to control urination
Prostate Cancer : It is the unprecedented growth of cancerous cells in the prostate gland which disrupts its normal functioning. This is common among older men and leads to death in certain cases. Diet, genetic factors, sedentary lifestyle are the prime reasons that contribute to its growth. In its initial stage symptoms are not visible but with early check ups and adopting preventive measures one can reduce its intensity to a great extent. Its major symptoms are: