One of the major bacterial infections affecting women today, urinary tract infections or UTI is known to occur due to infections in urethra, ureter, kidney or urinary bladder. About 60% of women worldwide are known to be infected by the condition at-least once in their lifetime.
Urinary tract infections are generally caused due to the actions of pathogens like E.coli, which is considered as the prime contributor in about 80% of the cases.
One of the main causes of urinary tract infections is due to the attack of E.coli bacteria that escape from the intestine through the anus and infects the urethra, the tube which carries urine from the urinary bladder. Since the anus is located close to this opening, the chances of pathogens coming in contact with the urinary tract are pretty high.
If the infections of urethra are not treated on time, the infection might spread to the bladder and kidneys.
Some of the common symptoms that help in identifying urinary tract infection are as follows:-
- A burning feeling while urinating
- Intense and frequent urge to urinate
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Feeling of pressure or pain in the lower back
- Changes in the smell appearance of urine
- Nausea and loss of appetite
- Chills and vomiting
Urinary tract infections are found in children as well. They are often accompanied by fever, chills, tiredness and vomiting.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The presence of a urinary tract infection can be ascertained by an analysis of a clean catch urine specimen. The urine analysis helps in detecting the presence of infection causing pathogens.
The usual treatment plan for urinary tract infection includes the administration of antibiotics. However, for complicated cases of UTI, intense therapy and monitoring measures are followed. UTI can be avoided to a great extent by drinking lots of water and practicing a high level of hygiene.
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